The local planning authority designates conservation
areas as "areas of special architectural or historic
interest, the character or appearance of which it is
desirable to preserve or enhance". Whereas the listing
process safeguards individual buildings, the conservation
area legislation protects the more general character
of an area. Westminster City Council
the local planning authority for Corringham, has
designated over fifty conservation areas; 75% of
Westminster is covered.
The conservation area status of Bayswater means that
Westminster City Council takes special care to protect
and enhance the quality of the area. Before carrying
out new building works or alterations to existing
buildings, whether listed or not, property owners have
to submit detailed plans to the Council to obtain
planning permission. The Council considers carefully
whether the plans harm the appearance or the character
of the conservation area and consults more widely than
in non-conservation areas.
Any alterations to a listed building, including internal
works which in the Council's opinion affect its
character, require listed building consent. Most works
affecting the outside of listed buildings also require
planning permission. The Council considers the effect
of the proposal on the character and appearance of
the conservation area and on the listed building.
Although many privately owned trees are already
protected by Tree Preservation Orders, trees in
conservation areas are additionally protected.
Any work on trees requires a Council licence.
This protects the four plane trees and three lime trees
that give Corringham's garden its summer shade.